How to Become a Mechanical Drafter – Career Sidekick

Mechanical Drafter 5 Steps to Career

Embarking on a journey toward becoming a mechanical drafter entails an intricate dance between formal education and hands-on experience. This dual focus is crucial, as the profession demands a comprehensive understanding of theoretical concepts and the practical skills to bring these concepts to life.


You’re probably already asking yourself how much education you need to achieve your dream of becoming a mechanical designer. Let’s delve into it and answer some of the burning questions regarding the impact of education on becoming a mechanical designer.

Do I need a degree to become a mechanical drafter?

A degree is not always a requirement to become a mechanical designer, but having one, especially in a relevant field, can significantly increase your chances of finding employment and progressing in your career.

Many mechanical drafters have at least an associate degree in drafting or a related field, such as mechanical engineering or a related discipline.

These programs often cover computer-aided design (CAD), drafting techniques, engineering, manufacturing, and construction principles. Some employers may prefer or require a bachelor’s degree, especially for more advanced positions.

However, skills and experience can sometimes be as essential, if not more so, than formal education. Suppose you can demonstrate proficiency in relevant software and technologies (like CAD), an understanding of mechanical design principles, and a strong portfolio of work. In that case, you may be able to secure a position even without a degree.

Why should I get a degree in Drafting and Design?

Earning a drafting degree can offer several advantages:

  • Fundamental Knowledge: Drafting is a field that requires a deep understanding of various drafting techniques, CAD software, design principles, and industry-specific knowledge. A degree program will give you a solid foundation in these areas, ensuring you know how to excel in your career.
  • Networking: Pursuing a degree in drafting can provide a great platform to connect with and build net future colleagues, mentors, or employers. This network can help you find internships, job placements, and future career advancement.
  • Personal Growth: Pursuing a degree in drafting allows you to delve deeper into your interests and passion for design and engineering. It can be a fulfilling journey of personal growth and self-discovery.

How long does it take to get a degree in Drafting and Design?

The duration of a degree in Drafting and Design can vary depending on the type of program and the level of education you choose. Here are some common options and their typical durations:

An associate degree in Drafting and Design is a two-year program offered by community colleges or technical schools. It provides a foundational understanding of drafting principles, CAD software, and industry-specific knowledge.

A bachelor’s degree in Drafting and Design typically takes four years of full-time study in the United States. This can vary somewhat depending on the specific program and institution and the student’s circumstances.

Some universities offer a master’s degree in Drafting and Design or a related field. This is a postgraduate program that usually takes two years to complete. A master’s degree focuses on advanced topics, research, and specialization within the drafting and design domain.

There are also shorter-term certificate or diploma programs in Drafting and Design. These programs vary in length, typically ranging from a few months to a year. They are suitable for individuals seeking to acquire specific drafting skills or update their knowledge in a particular area.

It’s also important to note that part-time study options are available at many institutions, which allow students to earn their degrees over a more extended period while managing other commitments, such as work or family. However, completing the degree will take longer than the typical four years.

How much does it cost to study Drafting and Design Technology at university?

The cost of studying Drafting and Design Technology at a university can vary significantly based on several factors, including the type of institution and program. However, the average tuition is $24,868 for undergraduate programs and $33,857 for graduate programs.

Also, many universities offer financial aid through grants, scholarships, and loans, which can significantly reduce the cost of tuition. Some students may also qualify for work-study programs, which allow them to earn money to help cover their expenses while in school.

Can I become a Mechanical Drafter through online education?

Yes, you can undoubtedly become a mechanical drafter through online education. Many accredited institutions are offering online programs in drafting, mechanical engineering, or related fields. These programs often cover the fundamentals of mechanical drafting, including computer-aided design (CAD) software, engineering principles, and technical drawing standards.

Online programs can be particularly beneficial if you balance your education with other commitments, such as work or family responsibilities. They offer flexibility in when and where you complete your coursework.

In an online program, you can expect to learn:

  • The use of CAD software to create 2D and 3D technical drawings
  • Basic and advanced drafting principles
  • Understanding of mechanical components and systems
  • Materials science and selection for design
  • The interpretation of technical drawings and specifications

One thing to note is that while the theoretical components of drafting can be easily taught online, certain practical elements might be less hands-on than in a traditional classroom. Some online programs do, however, provide software tools and simulate practical projects to offer this hands-on experience.

When choosing an online program, ensure it’s accredited to ensure employers and other educational institutions will recognize your degree. Also, consider whether the program offers assistance with arranging internships or job placements, as practical experience can be precious in this field.

What are some web resources to learn skills to become a Mechanical Drafter?

Several online resources are available for learning the skills needed to become a mechanical drafter. These resources often include tutorials, guides, and course materials on essential topics like CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software, drafting principles, and mechanical engineering basics. Here are a few you might consider:

  • AutoDesk University: AutoDesk University provides free tutorials and training resources for AutoCAD, one of the most widely used CAD software in the mechanical drafting industry. The platform allows learners to improve their CAD skills with free access to learning guides, videos, and tutorials led by industry professionals.
  • CAD Tutor: CAD Tutor is a free online resource for CAD users. It provides tutorials and articles that help learners understand and use different CAD tools efficiently. They offer many tutorials and forums that are extremely useful for drafting professionals.
  • CADalyst: CADalyst is a valuable online resource for professionals in the mechanical drafting field. It provides various resources, including tips, articles, and tutorials on different CAD software, helping drafters stay updated on the latest technology trends and improve their CAD skills.
  • is a community-driven platform that provides drafting-related articles, tutorials, sample drawings, and CAD blocks. It’s a great resource for sharing knowledge and learning from others in the drafting community.
  • CAD Notes: CAD Notes offers tutorials, tips, and tricks for various CAD software, including AutoCAD and MicroStation. The website provides multiple resources that mechanical drafters find helpful in improving their CAD skills.
  • CAD Intentions: This YouTube channel offers free tutorials and tips for mechanical drafting and CAD software.

Practical Experience

Gaining practical experience is fundamental to becoming a competent mechanical designer. Theoretical knowledge sets the foundation, but it is through hands-on experience that this knowledge truly comes to life.

What are internship opportunities for a Mechanical Drafter?

Internship opportunities for a mechanical drafter can vary widely depending on your location, the time of year, and the specific industries in your area. However, here are some general types of companies and industries where you might find relevant internships:

  • Engineering Firms: These can range from small, specialized firms to large, multinational corporations. Depending on the firm, you might be drafting parts for various automotive, aerospace, or energy industries.
  • Manufacturing Companies: Any company that designs and manufactures its products may have opportunities for drafting interns. This could include companies in the automotive industry, consumer products, industrial equipment, and more.
  • Architecture and Construction Firms: While this might lean more towards architectural drafting, these companies often need drafters to create detailed plans and blueprints.
  • Government Agencies: Some government agencies, particularly those involved in public works, transportation, or defense, may also have opportunities for drafting interns.
  • Design Consultancies: These companies provide design services to other companies and often have a wide variety of projects that require drafting.

An internship as a mechanical drafter would typically involve using CAD software to create technical drawings based on the specifications provided by engineers or designers. You might also check drawings for accuracy, update existing drawings, or create 3D models of parts or systems.

What Skills will I learn as a Mechanical Drafter?

As a mechanical drafter, you’ll develop various technical and soft skills essential for your role. Here are some critical skills you will learn:

  • Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Software Proficiency: This is one of the most essential skills for a drafter. You’ll become proficient in using CAD software such as AutoCAD, SolidWorks, or CATIA to create detailed, accurate technical drawings.
  • Technical Drawing and Design: You’ll learn to create and interpret technical drawings, including understanding drawing standards and conventions, such as line types, dimensions, and symbols. This also includes designing and detailing components and assemblies.
  • Understanding of Mechanical Engineering Concepts: Drafters often work closely with engineers, so a basic understanding of mechanical engineering concepts such as materials science, mechanics, fluid dynamics, and thermodynamics is essential.
  • Visualization and Spatial Skills: Drafters need to be able to visualize 2D representations as 3D objects and vice versa. This involves understanding how to create and interpret different views of a component or assembly.
  • Attention to Detail: Drafting requires high precision. A small error in a drawing could lead to significant problems in the final product, so drafters need to be meticulous and detail-oriented.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Drafters may need to find solutions to design problems or figure out how to clearly and accurately represent complex components and assemblies.
  • Communication Skills: Drafters often work as part of a team and must communicate effectively with engineers, and machinists. Clear communication is crucial to ensure the drawings are accurate and meet the project requirements.
  • Knowledge of Manufacturing Processes: Understanding how parts are made can influence the design and drafting. This includes familiarity with machining, welding, casting, and additive manufacturing (3D printing).
  • Time Management Skills: Drafters often have to work on multiple projects simultaneously and meet tight deadlines. Good time management skills are essential to prioritize tasks and meet these deadlines without compromising the quality of work.

What is the Work-Life Balance of a Mechanical Drafter?

Work-life balance can vary significantly depending on the job and the company culture. However, for most mechanical drafters, the work-life balance can be considered generally good, especially compared to other roles in the engineering and tech sectors. Here are some factors to consider to achieve just the right work-life balance:

  • Maintaining a distinction between professional and personal life in mechanical drafting is critical. A typical work week for drafters spans over 40 hours from Monday to Friday, aligning with regular business hours. This ensures availability for interaction and coordination with engineers, designers, and other team members.
  • It’s worth discussing with your employer the possibility of remote work or flexible hours, particularly given the advancements in CAD software and remote work technologies. Remote work could enhance work-life balance by reducing commute time and providing more flexible hours.
  • The nature of the drafting job, while detail-oriented with strict deadlines, can sometimes lead to stress. However, effective stress management techniques can manage stress levels that are often comparable to or lower than many other technical roles.

As with any job, individual experiences can vary widely. Some companies value work-life balance and create a supportive culture, while others may not. Researching a company’s culture and asking about work-life balance during the interview is always a good idea.

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